Biometrics Standards Coordinator, Information Access Division – National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), USA
Speaks at ID WORLD on Future of ID
Bradford Wing works for NIST and one of his responsibilities, as Biometrics Standards Coordinator is to serve as editor of the ANSI/NIST-ITL standard. With degrees in Operations Research Analysis he has worked for private industry, at the Department of Energy, Immigration and Naturalization Service, and the Department of Homeland Security prior to joining NiST. He served as the US technical representative for the development of e-passports and as co-chair of the National Science and Technology Council Subcommittee on Biomtetrics and Identity Management.
“NEW DEVELOPMENTS AFFECTING THE EXCHANGE OF BIOMETRIC AND FORENSIC DATA”
Mr. Wing will begin by discussing the recent updates to the ANSI/NIST-ITL standard “Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial & Other Biometric Information”.
The standard now includes formats for the exchange of fingerprint, palmprint, footprint, iris, face, scars, tattoos, and other identifying characteristics on any body part and DNA. The standard also allows forensic markups of latent prints (from the hand, fingers or the foot), and markups of face images in a standardized manner that can be effectively used by analysts around the world.
He will then address the work that is now happening to incorporate voice biometrics and dental / bitemark data into the standard.
Another important development is the formalization of ‘conformance testing.’ There are three levels of conformance, each of which will be addressed by Mr. Wing.
•The first level tests whether the data is entered in the right structure and has values in the allowed ranges. (For instance, the number of fingers on a hand must be greater than or equal to zero).
•The second level checks for internal consistency of different pieces of data. (For instance, if one element is ‘YES’, then another element can only be ‘4’, ‘7’ or ‘8’).
•The third level checks if the data is a faithful representation of the original biometric data. (For instance, if a facial image must be ‘full frontal’, tests must be developed to verify that the head is the proper size in the photograph, that the head is not angled, that there are no shadows present, etc.)
The final topic will be how the ANSI/NIST ITL standard is customized for specific applications, such as Interpol, the US FBI, NATO, and national as well as regional organizations around the world.